The EEOC & Sex Discrimination
Basic Information & Time Constraints
Sex discrimination against an employer, is a process in which specific steps must be followed by the employee that are laid out by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). This filing process must be followed correctly and in adherence with specific laws such that the complaint will be investigated. The employee must file a complaint for discrimination with the EEOC. This complaint must be completed within in 180 calendar days with the only exception being for age discrimination in which the deadline is extended to three hundred calendar days.
State and local agencies are bound by this restriction and most have limitations codified which restate the federal requirements. The process for filing is the same in all discrimination cases whether they involve race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or other distinguishing characteristics.
As well as there being time limits, there are restrictions for filing discrimination charges that differ between state and federal agencies. Federal employees have the same protections against discrimination but the process for filing is different. The major difference is that employees in the federal government must go through a mediation process before suit can be brought to bear on the employer. Mediation may be used in the private sector but is not required before suit unless agreed upon contractually at the time of employment.
Sex discrimination is governed by the EEOC, but the process and the deadlines are somewhat muddled. Ninety days does not seem to be enough time given that this form of discrimination can take place across years. For this reason, a person should be able to file up to a year.
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (www.eeoc.gov).